There is a global discussion on how to combat climate change and to protect the planet against impending mass extinction. Rainforests are not only the habitat of more than half of all species living on land. These ecosystems also sequester most of the carbon emissions caused by man. Deforestation often causes irreversible damage to fragile habitats. Consequently, it affects the climate and weather thousands of miles away, meaning areas around the world. Thus, water, crops and crop growth are also affected.
The Foundation of All Life on Earth
Obviously, plants are a very strong influencing factor on our planet’s surface. They pump water from the soil through their tissues into the air, and they move carbon in the opposite direction. Carbon moves from the air first to the tissue and then to the soil. During photosynthesis, plants split water and use solar energy. Finally, there is processing of water, oxygen and carbon into sugar and starch. This makes photosynthesis the foundation of almost all life on earth. The main characters of this chemical magic are pores in plant leaves, the so-called stomata.
Scientist Abigail Swann set out a few years back to explore a potentially radical idea. Plants living on Earth could greatly affect the planet’s climate. Previously, the basis of weather and climate models of the majority of atmospheric researchers had been on wind, rain and other physical phenomena. However, powerful computer programs simulate how plants move water, carbon dioxide, and other substances between soil and air. This is how Swann discovered that vegetation influences the weather over long distances. The destruction or spread of forests on one continent can increase precipitation or cause drought on another continent.
A single leaf can contain more than a million of stomata. These pores in plant leaves are essentially microscopic mouths that simultaneously absorb carbon dioxide from the air and release water. Obviously, gas exchange from each leaf is tiny on its own. However, thanks to the interaction of billions of stomata, just one tree can evaporate hundreds of gallons of water per day. This amount is the equivalent of multiple bath tubs! Thus, the great forests of the world containing hundreds of billions of trees, move water in gigantic dimensions.
Researchers at the Brazilian National Institute for Space Research estimate that the Amazon Rainforest emits around 20 trillion liters of water per day – about 17 percent more than even the Amazon river itself. In the late 1970s, there was the discovery that the Amazon rainforest virtually causes its own thunderstorms. Recent research indicates that half or more of continental rainfall is the result of plants that carry water from the soil to the atmosphere. There, heavy wind currents transport water to distant locations.
Flying Rivers of Water
Consequently, agricultural regions including the Midwestern United States, the Nile Valley, and India, as well as cities such as Sao Paulo, receive much of their rain from these forest-driven “flying rivers.” Therefore, it is no exaggeration to say that much of the human diet relies at least partially on forest-driven rainfall.
Unquestionably – and not just for this reason, it is vital that we protect rainforests. The PURELAND Zero emission removal project has the objective to preserve the existing primeval rainforest cover on an area of 841.7 hectares in the Térraba Sierpe Forest Lands. The Térraba Sierpe Forest Lands are among the largest mangrove forest wetlands in all of Central America. They are a unique and fragile ecosystem, located in Costanera Sur on the Osa peninsula in Puntarenas province in Costa Rica.
Save the Rainforests With PURELAND Zero
Donations to PURELAND Zero are helping to preserve rainforest and riverine wetland for future generations. Rainforest land that has been protected with PURELAND Zero can no longer fall prey to deforestation and environmental devastation.
All contributions made to the PURELAND project are utilized for monitoring ongoing projects and financing further environmental projects to save the planet. The next PURELAND property for PURELAND One is already in the pipeline. For maximum safety, donations generate encrypted digital certificates of land protection on the blockchain. To become a supporter of PURELAND Zero, please donate today.